God reveals his existence to everyone through nature. His intelligence, power, and creativity can be observed in every corner of the universe.
The descriptions of the cosmos found in the Bible attest to his existence. His presence can also be argued philosophically and theologically.
The universe is composed of energy, matter, time, and space. It is organized into durable systems that are sustained by immutable sets of governing principles.
These components could not have materialized from nothing, aligned themselves intelligently, and then self-regulated harmoniously.
They evidence the existence of a powerful and brilliant creator, i.e., God.
Living things could not have spontaneously emerged from the lifeless matter that comprises the universe. Non-life cannot procreate life. Only life produces life.
God is a living being, not an abstract concept or an impersonal force. He has been alive forever. He is the logical source of all other life.
The presence of life, in all its forms, evidences God’s existence.
DNA is a precise message that dictates how cells behave. This message is written in a special language that utilizes a unique alphabet.
Alphabets and languages do not suddenly appear out of nowhere. Nature does not randomly generate coherent instructional messages.
These things emanate from a mind that wants to convey specific information to intended recipients.
The instructions in DNA had to come from a mind. The logical author is God.
The Bible describes aspects of the cosmos in simple terms.
- The earth is a sphere. Isaiah 40:22. He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth
- The earth floats in space. Job 26:7. He spreads out the northern skies over empty space; he suspends the earth over nothing.
- The universe is expanding. Isaiah 42:5. This is what God the Lord says—the Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out
- Individual stars are unique. 1 Corinthians 15:41. The sun has one kind of splendor, the moon another and the stars another; and star differs from star in splendor.
These descriptions seem obvious to us today thanks to modern space exploration, but they were written thousands of years ago by authors who lacked this knowledge.
Only God could have inspired multiple Bible writers to accurately describe these celestial features because in their era of world history only he knew the details of his creation.
The veracity of these cosmic descriptions evidences the existence of God.
Humans have an innate ability to identify right and wrong. We exhibit a rudimentary moral sense soon after birth.
Morality cannot arise out of that which is amoral. The lifeless elements that comprise the universe are amoral, as are the natural laws that govern it. Amoral things do not distinguish right and wrong.
Our intrinsic ability to identify right and wrong had to have been designed into us by a moral being. Our innate morality evidences the existence of God.
Everyone senses the presence of God.
We have to work hard to ignore him. He is never far from our minds. Even those who contend that God is imaginary use his name to curse. Nobody implores Santa Claus to damn anybody.
We have an intrinsic awareness of God’s presence because he designed us to enjoy eternal communion with him. This innate affection is similar to the soulful longing that adopted children often have for their unknown biological parents.
That we even consider the possibility of God’s existence means he must exist.
Jesus claimed to be God in the flesh.
If Jesus said this knowing it was untrue, then he was simply a con artist. If he thought his claim was accurate when it was false, then he was delusional. If he made this claim because he knew it was true, then he was indeed God incarnate.
If Jesus were a liar or a lunatic, his foes would have quickly discredited him. The religious and government leaders who sought his execution would have gladly vilified him to stop the growth of the early church. His reputation would not have survived through the centuries.
However, the enemies of Jesus could not debunk the evidence that backed up his claim of deity—his miracles, his resurrection, and his fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies—because too many people had witnessed these things firsthand.
God never forces anyone to believe that he exists. He gives us the freedom to evaluate the evidence and reach our own conclusion.
Those who want to deny God’s existence can explain away the supporting evidence, much like those who refuse to believe that astronauts once walked on the moon.
However, God has deemed the evidence of his existence to be sufficient for those who genuinely want to know him on his terms.
He would have supplied more evidence if he thought we needed it.
Why We Question God’s Existence
We question God’s existence when he fails to live up to our expectations. Faulty expectations are the root of our unbelief.
Faulty expectations arise from misconceptions about God and ourselves. A few of them are listed below.
The paragraph titles link to other pages on this website that provide more details.
- Presence Of Suffering. If God is good, why does he let us suffer so much? Why does he not use his power and authority to make life easier? Suffering is a manifestation of evil, not evidence that God is untrustworthy or non-existent. Evil exists because moral truth and the will exist.
- Misunderstood Metaphors. God uses metaphors in the Bible to describe in simple terms that which we cannot fully comprehend—how he relates to us on a personal level. We will question his existence if we expect him to always embody every nuance implicit in these figures of speech.
- Unanswered Prayers. God tells us to pray continuously about all our concerns, but he grants only those petitions that align with his will. Since we cannot fully ascertain his will from our earthly viewpoint, we often ask God for things that are outside the scope of his intentions. These unanswered prayers raise doubts about him.
- Misapplied Promises. We will be dismayed if we presume the unique commitments that God made in the Bible to certain people under specific circumstances always pertain to us in situations of our choosing. Misapplying the general promises that God makes to all reborn believers can also create false expectations.
- Misconstrued Intentions. Sometimes we distrust God because we interpret his ultimate intentions in light of our current longings. We lose confidence in him when these immediate desires go unmet.
- Miraculous Expectations. Faith contingent on the occurrence of miracles risks disillusion. God does marvelous things every day, but he chooses the nature, occasion, and beneficiaries of these wonders, not us.
- False Attribution. We are destined for disappointment if we expect God to routinely direct us through signs, assurances, and coincidences. This expectation opens up the possibility of mistaking everyday occurrences for his overt guidance, which can lead to poor choices that produce adverse outcomes he never intended.
- Unforeseen Outcomes. Following God’s clear direction does not always guarantee a good outcome, at least initially. Sometimes his guidance leads us to arid desert locations instead of green pastures and still waters. These outcomes can raise doubts about his existence.
- Self-Magnification. We are bound for disappointment if we think we can impose demands on God. We are not his peers. He is our sovereign. He is not subject to our will. We are subject to his will.
- Transactional Entitlement. We will lose faith in God if we expect him to reward our righteousness with personal success, safety, and satisfaction. Our relationship with him is not transactional.
- Personal Iniquity. We will give up on God if we think our unrighteousness means that he is ineffective or non-existent, that we are irreparably defective, or that this “God-thing” works for a select few, but not for us.
- Hypocrisy. The unrighteousness of other reborn believers can distort our view of God and destroy our faith in him because his influence seems to have little bearing on their behavior.
- Unfairness Of Life. We will distrust God if we expect him to make life fair. Our lives are unfair because we are surrounded by the adverse consequences of wrong choices made by others, ranging from Adam and Eve to those in our present orbit. Conversely, our mistakes contribute to the unfairness in the lives of others.
- Flawed System. Some of us question God because we mistakenly believe he set up a flawed system with inherent vulnerabilities that produce suffering. His system respects and preserves our volitional freedom.
- Divine Sexism. We may distrust God because we have been deceived into thinking that he sanctions sexism and authorizes the subjugation of women. Men and women are equals in his eyes.
- Value Differences. Some of us reject God because we disagree with his moral values. We condone things he condemns. He draws distinctions we dispute. We elevate issues he considers secondary. He esteems that which we deem dispensable.
- Unequal Blessing. We may lose faith in God because he blesses reborn believers unequally. Some of us endure more distress than others. Our temporal needs are more persistent and acute. We get less relief. Others enjoy more abundance than us.
- Unjust Condemnation. Some people deny God’s existence because they question the fairness of his salvation plan. If the only way to heaven is through Jesus, then it seems grossly unjust for God to condemn to hell those who live and die without ever hearing about him. Fortunately, this is not the case. God’s salvation plan is fair to everyone.