The Bible clearly states there is only one God, but it also speaks of God as three persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
God’s triune personage is commonly called the Trinity. Each person in the Trinity is distinct from the others and has a separate function. The Father establishes plans, the Son activates them, and the Holy Spirit completes them.
All three persons are fully, completely, and concurrently God. They are not parts of one God, or three separate gods, or one God in three consecutive forms. God the Father did not create Jesus as a person and the Holy Spirit as a force.
Each person possesses identical attributes and the same essence of deity. They have all existed for eternity and are coequal in power, authority, knowledge, ability, etc. We can pray to the Father, the Son, or the Holy Spirit.
God the Father is a spirit who resides in heaven, a place he created for himself, his loyal angels, and us.
He designed the world along with all its inhabitants. He gave Adam and Eve, the first humans, authority over the earth and unlimited freedom to do whatever they could conceive—with one exception.
After Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit, God the Father established a salvation plan for humanity and presided over its execution.
Jesus is God the Son. He is concurrently fully human and fully divine. He was the Father’s agent at creation. Everything was made through him.
Jesus left heaven about twenty centuries ago to live on earth for a bit more than thirty years. While here, he revealed what the Father is like; validated, explained, and elaborated upon the Old Testament; and paid the penalty for sin through his death.
Forty days after his resurrection, Jesus ascended to heaven. He now pleads our case before the Father in the salvation process.
Someday Jesus will physically return to earth to collect his reborn believers and escort them to heaven. He will later return to earth a second time, to rule the world for 1,000 years, before returning to heaven forever.
The Holy Spirit
God the Holy Spirit is distinct from the spirit who is God the Father.
The Holy Spirit does not inhabit nature—trees, rocks, animals, etc.—but he is transcendentally everywhere. He brought order to creation and now completes the Father’s initiatives on earth.
In the salvation process, the Holy Spirit convicts us of sin and informs us of God’s salvation plan. He dwells in us after we are reborn spiritually and thereby secures our eternal life. He also produces in us the divine attributes, called the Fruit of the Spirit, that enable us live contentedly in a troubled world.
The Holy Spirit illuminates the Bible, pointing out truths that apply to our lives. He guides us upon request and provides comfort, strength, and hope amid affliction. He bestows spiritual gifts that equip us for ministry. He intercedes with God the Father on our behalf when we are incapable of prayer.